Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 to a Jewish family in Ulm, Germany
Father: Hermann Einstein, Mother: Maja Einstein
In 1880, the Einsteins moved to Munich (yes, that's in Germany), where Hermann opened a factory for manufacturing D.C electrical parts. (read Nikola Tesla)
As a little kid, Albert Einstein never agreed with the way he was educated. At age 5 for example, he threw a chair at his tutor in protest of his educating methods.
At age 8, he was enrolled at the Luitpold Gymnasium (today known as the Albert Einstein Gymnasium), where he received excellent grades.
With the revolution of alternating current (A.C.) electricity, D.C. became less used, forcing Hermann to lose his business. In 1894, the family moved to Milan, then Pavia, Italy, but Albert Einstein stayed in Munich to finish his education at Luitpold Gymnasium.
Albert truly hated the educational process, saying that it suppressed creative thinking and put the fun out of learning (this is the point of his education where he got bad grades). In December 1894, he left Munich to go to his family in Pavia, despite not completing his education.
One year later he applied for the Swiss Federal Polytechnic in Zuerich, but failed the general part of the exam (however, he achieved phenomenal grades on the math and physics part.).
Upon advice from the headmaster of the Polytechnic, he went to the Argovian cantonal school in Aarau, Switzerland, to complete his education. He lived with professor Jost Winteler and his family.
In January 1896, Einstein revoked his German citizenship in order to avoid military service.
After completing his education in Aarau, he enrolled at the Zurich Polytechnic at age 17, with the ambition of becoming a math and physics professor. There he met his future wife Mileva Maric.
In 1900, Albert Einstein was awarded the Zuerich Polytechnic teaching diploma.
In 1902, Mileva Maric gave birth to a girl she called "Lieserl", while staying with her parents in Novi Sad (Serbia today). She was either given up for adoption or died in infancy.
On January 6, 1903, Albert Einstein and Mileva Maric got Married.
Since his graduation in 1900, Einstein spent almost two years searching for a teaching job, but with very little success. In 1903 he found a job at a patent office.
Having not much work to do at the patent office, he spent most of his time thinking and writing papers.
First son: Hans Einstein (May, 1904)
In 1905, he completed his papers on special relativity, the photoelectric effect, and energy-mass equivalence, which he received a lot of attention for.
In 1908, he became lecturer at the University of Bern, after being recognized for his skills and knowledge in physics.
Second son: Eduard Einstein (July, 1910)
After receiving Austrian citizenship, Einstein became a full professor at the German Charles-Ferdinand University in Prague in April 1911.
On February 14 1919, Albert Einstein and Mileva Maric divorced.
Married Elsa Loewenthal on June 2, 1919.
In 1921, he won the Nobel Prize for the Photoelectric effect, his Nobel Prize money went to Mileva Maric as a divorce settlement
In 1933, on a trip to the US, he realised that if he were to return to Germany, where the Nazis were coming to power, he would be followed and killed. Therefore he seeked, and received refugee status in the US.
In 1939, he warned the US Government that Germany had started research on a bomb more destructive than any weapon in existence...the atomic bomb.
After realising this danger, the US started developing their own atomic bomb, with Einstein in the leading team. Einstein joined, because he knew the power Germany would have if they invented it first.
After he heard of plans to bomb Japan, Einstein left the research team, and tried to prevent usage of the bomb, however, he didn't succeed.
In 1940, he was granted full US citizenship.
He was offered presidency of Israel in 1952 by Ben Gurion, after having participated in many pro-Israeli organizations, but declined.
Albert Einstein died on April 18, 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey, USA.
He is mostly praised by physicists for developing the special and general theory of relativity