Google is the misspelled word googol (1 with 100 zeros)
Fun fact: Google has been awarded best company to work for.
The creators of Google, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, met in 1995, when Page wanted to take a tour around Stanford University. Brin was his guide.
Even though they didn't like each other, they discovered their common interest in computer science. In January 1996, they started to work on a project called 'BackRub'.
BackRub was a search engine which operated on 'PageRank', an algorithm, developed by Larry Page which displayed more accurate search results than other search engines.
Larry and Sergey changed the name of the project from Backrub to Google - the accidentally misspelled word 'googol' (one with one hundred zeros).
Backrub gained popularity among Stanford students, but was used so much that it couldn't be supported by the Stanford servers it was run on.
The two registered the domain name 'google.com' on September 15, 1997.
They set up their first data center, a little computer with a case made out of Lego bricks, in Page's dorm, in 1998.
In August 1998, Page and Brin changed the Google logo of the homepage to feature a burning man, to inform fans that they were going to the Burning Man Festival - that was the first Google Doodle.
On September 4, 1998, Page and Brin incorporated Google and opened a bank account in its name.
They set up Google's first headquarters in a friend's (Susan Wojcicki) garage.
During 1999 the company grew to 11 employees and moved to a new location in Mountain View.
In 2000 the company created AdWords, the ad program which auctions keywords to customers. The customer with the highest bid gets to display their ad whenever that keyword is searched. That's how Google earned/earns its big bucks.
In August 2001, Eric Schmidt became CEO of the company. Page didn't like the idea, but seeing that Schmidt was (still is) an experienced entrepreneur, he realised it would be best for the company to have a professional in charge. Page assumed position of chairman.
The company moved to a new campus in Mountain View in 2004. The new headquarters is called the 'Googleplex'.
That same year, Google launched Gmail on April 1st. (Yes, people thought it was an April 1st joke.)
Google launched Maps in February 2005. Google Maps is the best and most successful online map to date.
Google's mobile OS, Android, was released on September 23, 2008. The purpose of Android is too make Google mobile and to products in the hands of people.
In 2008 Google hosted its first Google I/O Developers Conference.
In 2010 the first Nexus phone, the Nexus One, was released. It served to demonstrate the capabilities of the Android OS. Since then, Google has premiered every version of Android with new Nexus phones/tablets, up until Android N.
In 2011 Larry Page returned to the position of Google CEO. Eric Schmidt received the executive chairman position.
On October 2, 2015, a parent company for Google, Alphabet, was created by Larry Page. The idea was that Google was creating many things that exceeded its goal of binding the information on the internet. Instead, all of the projects created by Google were going to be rebranded to Alphabet.
Larry Page became CEO of Alphabet and was replaced by Sundar Pichai, and Sergey Brin took control of a Google subsidiary (now Alphabet subsidiary), called X, which works on whack-o projects like space elevators, AI, wifi-balloons, etc.
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